Ma, J., Marmer, V., & Yu, Z. (2023). “Inference on individual treatment effects in nonseparable triangular models.” Journal of Econometrics, 235, 2096-2124.
In nonseparable triangular models with a binary endogenous treatment and a binary instrumental variable, Vuong and Xu (2017) established identification results for individual treatment effects (ITEs) under the rank invariance assumption. Using their approach, Feng et al. (2019) proposed a uniformly consistent kernel estimator for the density of the ITE that utilizes estimated ITEs. In this paper, we establish the asymptotic normality of the density estimator of Feng et al. (2019) and show that the ITE estimation errors have a non-negligible effect on the asymptotic distribution of the estimator. We propose asymptotically valid standard errors that account for ITEs estimation, as well as a bias correction. Furthermore, we develop uniform confidence bands for the density of the ITE using the jackknife multiplier or nonparametric bootstrap critical values.